Thursday, November 23, 2017

Issues of Land under the Special Economic Zones in India

Santosh Verma

The rising demand for land with the purposes other than agricultural activity including the development of Special Economic Zones (SEZs), infrastructure development and urbanization, etc. are restructuring the rural transformation and its political economy. To fulfill these demands, land is being acquired from the farmers/individuals which have put the agrarian question (vis-à-vis land question) at the forefront in country’s political spectrum and as well as in the academia. The process, under which land is acquired for these various purposes, historically, goes with the Colonial Land Acquisition Act of 1894.  Though, the Act went through several amendments at different times, but its original nature remained intact (Verma, 2015). The original nature is sensed in such a way that the successive Central and State governments under the clause “eminent domain” acquired land and transferred them to fulfill demands from the public sector as well as the demands from private land seeking capitalist agent/agency/firm etc.

Saturday, November 18, 2017

Hundred Years of the First Revolution to Annihilate Patriarchy, Oppression and Exploitation

Chirashree Das Gupta 

Hundred years since the Bolshevik Revolution, we live in a world in which patriarchy directly continues to constitute class. The patriarchal family remains the foundational unit of organization of both the class basis of property and propriety and is constituted by all other graded inequalities – be it caste, race or religion. The edifice of bourgeois constitutionalism and law stands on the sanctimony of private property defined by ‘family law’ – the ultimate sanctum-sanctorum of the ‘private’. And in the propagation of this uncontested domain of rarefied knowledge, there is erasure of memory and history of the significance of the Bolshevik Revolution in the chronicling of the myriad struggles against patriarchy, oppression and exploitation in and since the 20th century.

Monday, November 13, 2017

‘Fail Again, Fail Better’: Repeating October Revolution in 21st Century

Pavel Tomar

"As capitalism develops further, it is swallowing the same ground upon which it operates. Leninism in twenty first century would mean the creation of new commons, and of a language which would enable us to see and create them. Only this would be what Badiou calls as the ‘fidelity to Event’: the fidelity to the October Revolution means a revolutionary preparedness for turning inevitable historical change into a positive one. Repetition does not involve a re-enacting of the good old times of twentieth century socialism, it precisely means its opposite: repetition as difference. As Lenin himself reminded. ‘fail again, fail better’". 

Monday, November 6, 2017

Towards Revolution: Indian Muhajirs adrift in Central Asia (1915-1920)

Suchetana Chattopadhyay

(Prisoners in the Meerut Conspiracy Case. Shaukat Usmani (ex-Muhajir communist) fourth from left in the back row)

Before the emergence of a communist movement within India, there was the tendency. It emerged from the passage of the muhajirs, Muslims religious exiles from colonial India during the First World War and post-war turmoil. Following the Bolshevik Revolution of 1917, they reached civil war torn formerly Czarist Central Asia through Afghanistan. From their ranks emerged an émigré communist party. Though the impact of their initiatives was limited by their external locations and repression by the colonial state, they represented the earliest left collective effort related to the Indian subcontinent. The article will explore the experiences and shifting contexts in the course of their journey through certain contiguous terrains of revolutionary dissent which made them abandon pan-Islamist anti-imperialism and turn to communism.  

Saturday, October 14, 2017

The Rohingya Crisis: Misplaced Concerns and Dodgy Solutions

Parvin Sultana
The Rakhine province of Myanmar has been witnessing violence for quite sometime leading to a large number of deaths and massive displacement. The country itself languished for long under a military dictatorship installed way back in a Military coup in 1962. However the end to the junta rule and the election of a democratic government is yet to ensure that democratic values has been implemented in true sense. The fragile democracy continues to hobnob between a still powerful army which continues to control many aspects of administration and a democratic government which time and again falls back on majoritarian Buddhist nationalism. While international organisations and human rights activists have often lamented that Kachin and Rakhine have been laboratories of ethnic violence, the Myanmar government has failed in ensuring an end to this violence.